Ionizing vs Non-Ionizing Radiation Template

This is a free Ionizing vs Non-Radiation template to show you the most common source of background radiation and how to avoid it. The template is a 100% customizable and you can edit every aspect of it with a few simple clicks in MyDraw.

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Ionizing Vs Non Ionizing Radiation


Radiation is classified as being either non-ionizing or ionizing. Non-ionizing radiation is longer wavelength/lower frequency lower energy. While ionizing radiation is short wavelength/high frequency higher energy.

Ionizing Radiation has sufficient energy to produce ions in matter at the molecular level. If that matter is a human significant damage can result including damage to DNA and denaturation of proteins. This is not to say that non-ionizing radiation can’t cause injury to humans but the injury is generally limited to thermal damage i.e. burns.

Types of Non-Ionizing Radiation and their Clinical Effects

Referring to the chart above we can see that Non-Ionizing radiation comes in the forms of:

  • ELF (extremely low frequency)
  • Radio Frequencies
  • Microwave Frequencies
  • Lasers
  • Infrared
  • Visible Spectrum
  • Ultraviolet

Types of Ionizing Radiation and their Clinical Effects

Ionizing radiation is emitted from radioactive atomic structures as high energy electromagnetic waves (gamma and x-rays) or as actual particles (alpha, beta, neutrons)

  • Gamma Rays
  • X-Rays
  • Alpha Particles
  • Beta Particles
  • Neutrons